Friday, May 24, 2013
Cambodia is a country of origin, and also a transit and destination country, mostly for Vietnamese trafficked women. The consequences of the civil conflict are one of the main reasons that push Cambodians to migrate and become victims of trafficking. Indeed, the conflict has not only badly affected the economy of the country but also left the population in a severe trauma. The unstable political system and fragility of the government have not yet permitted the rebuilding of the country. The huge number of INGOs that invaded or grew up to help the country also have detrimental consequences on its development and independency. Among its problems are a wide income gap between the rich and the poor. Violence among the population (especially towards women) persists. Many people have no roots because of internal displacement, migration and land lost during the conflict. Therefore people build houses where there is possible business in a temporary perspective but without building long terms futures. They don’t care for their place as their own as they do not know how long they will be able to stay there. As an example, at Poipet, the border with Thailand, most of habitants are migrants. Some have lived from street begging for several generations so that they have no standards for living anymore. Without attachments and working opportunities, migration is an alternative that many Cambodian choose.
Nevertheless a large number of local NGOs are active. Their commitments and involvements are a strong support system for the population and the government. Together with INGOs they work to develop mechanisms and promote human rights. Because of the situation in Cambodia, many NGOs propose full services to victims. Many NGOs have similar services, but existing collaboration of Cambodian NGOs is not based on a referral system. Consequently women and children have only limited careers choices with few chances to address their economic and familial problems. Furthermore, despite the efforts of NGOS, programs in place can’t respond to the huge numbers of victims and the needs of alternatives development. Consequently many women and children are re-trafficked.
Currently AAT Reg. Thai undertakes reintegration of its cases in Cambodia either directly or through referral to local NGOs. AAT Reg. Thai provides Cambodian victims protected in Thailand with education, vocational trainings, community reintegration, generating income support and follow up.
AAT Reg. Thai also develops collaboration and a referral system for reintegration based on the choices of women.
AAT Reg. Thai develops collaboration for missing persons detection to further trace and protect victims in receiving countries.
We provide direct field activities in a regional approach covering the full process until reintegration as seen in the following graph.
We use grass roots experience to develop mech anisms
Have a look at the complete actions of AAT see
AAT Reg. Thai prevention actions enable women and minors to keep safe from sexual exploitation and trafficking and encourage victims to leave prostitution. Prevention actions are implemented in several ways: We set up systems in communities at risk to prevent vulnerable women and minors from being trafficked and to be able to protect themselves. We detect missing persons and potential victims for protection on their transit stage before reaching their final destination. We disseminate information in strategic places on trafficking and self protection. We encourage and provide new alternatives to the most vulnerable groups of people and the victims themselves.
The program targets women and minors in general, the ones living in communities at risk such as cross border areas, the most vulnerable ones such as stateless persons, or former victims as well as the ones already involved in prostitution. More / Results
We develop techniques to find and protect victims with law enforcement agencies or other relevant agencies. We also participate to develop protection mechanisms to: strengthen the victim identification process, encourage cross-border victim’s protection, and to support embassies to protect their citizens.
More / Results
After been protected from situations of exploitation, AAT Reg. Thai assists victims until their return home. We assist them to access their rights and prepare them for safe return and community reintegration.
We identify the ones kept in detention centers who do not have access to protection and transfer them to adapted centers.
In adapted centers, we provide them with legal support to receive compensations. We also provide them assistance to recover from their mental and physical problems. We then assist them to prepare for their future and build their capacity for community actions. Finally, we prepare them for the different steps of repatriation. More / Results
The role of AAT Reg. Thai is to organize and facilitate repatriation to be safe and convenient for women and minors. AAT Reg. Thai works with both the origin and destination country on preparation, coordination and reception. Our role is to speed up the process, to work in order that victims will be well treated and not be re-trafficked at their arrival. It is also to make sure that their confidentiality will be respected and that they will not be persecuted.
AAT Reg. Thai participates to develop repatriation mechanisms between origin and destination countries and support embassies and relevant agencies for repatriation. AAT Reg. Thai follows up with them just after their return. More / Results