Thursday, June 20, 2013
Malaysia is one of the main destination countries for trans-national sexual exploitation and trafficking of girls of the region. The country is also a transit and origin country from a world wide perspective. Economic and political stability are its main attractions. Several forms of trafficking can be seen such as: Trafficking for sexual exploitation, for labour exploitation, for baby adoption as well as for false marriage. AAT Reg. Thai helped several cases who were married with Malaysian men then forced to labour (without payment) or to prostitution, regularly beaten and who managed to escape their husband.
Recently, the Malaysian government has engaged in efforts to combat human trafficking. They have adopted an Anti Trafficking Act and a National Council.
However gaps in the mechanisms to address trafficking and little collaboration with local NGOs and agencies from origin countries means that many foreign victims of trafficking are still arrested as illegal migrants and expulsed in the no man’s land at the Thai-Malaysian border. Among them, many are re-trafficked either on the Thai or the Malaysian side.
AAT Reg. Thai actions are mainly based on the development of collaboration with authorities and local NGOs to protect and repatriate foreign victims of trafficking. They comprise both direct actions as well as the development of mechanisms to address trafficking. Today we have set up a temporary system to detect, protect and repatriate victims of trafficking as AAT gathers information on missing persons in origin countries. We send the the information to Malaysian counterparts. We then assist in the return process by supporting embassies and facilitating its organization in origin countries.
AAT Reg. Thai also works on the development of regional collaboration and mechanisms. We organize exchanges among law enforcement officers, the Commission of Human Rights, Social Welfare and Women’s Unions from Thailand, Lao PDR, Vietnam, Malaysia and Singapore to develop understandings and collaboration. We also work with the Thai network to develop protection mechanisms especially concerning victim identification, the multi-disciplinary team concept, and safe repatriation.
Finally we develop prevention campaigns along the border at Thai - Malaysian customs. We work with the Thai immigration authorities to undertake prevention campaigns and information dissemination to women and children travelers concerning the dangers of trafficking, legal migration and self protection.
We provide direct field activities in a regional approach covering the full process until reintegration as seen in the following graph.
We use grass roots experience to develop mech anisms
Have a look at the complete actions of AAT see
AAT Reg. Thai prevention actions enable women and minors to keep safe from sexual exploitation and trafficking and encourage victims to leave prostitution. Prevention actions are implemented in several ways: We set up systems in communities at risk to prevent vulnerable women and minors from being trafficked and to be able to protect themselves. We detect missing persons and potential victims for protection on their transit stage before reaching their final destination. We disseminate information in strategic places on trafficking and self protection. We encourage and provide new alternatives to the most vulnerable groups of people and the victims themselves.
The program targets women and minors in general, the ones living in communities at risk such as cross border areas, the most vulnerable ones such as stateless persons, or former victims as well as the ones already involved in prostitution. More / Results
We develop techniques to find and protect victims with law enforcement agencies or other relevant agencies. We also participate to develop protection mechanisms to: strengthen the victim identification process, encourage cross-border victim’s protection, and to support embassies to protect their citizens.
More / Results
After been protected from situations of exploitation, AAT Reg. Thai assists victims until their return home. We assist them to access their rights and prepare them for safe return and community reintegration.
We identify the ones kept in detention centers who do not have access to protection and transfer them to adapted centers.
In adapted centers, we provide them with legal support to receive compensations. We also provide them assistance to recover from their mental and physical problems. We then assist them to prepare for their future and build their capacity for community actions. Finally, we prepare them for the different steps of repatriation. More / Results
The role of AAT Reg. Thai is to organize and facilitate repatriation to be safe and convenient for women and minors. AAT Reg. Thai works with both the origin and destination country on preparation, coordination and reception. Our role is to speed up the process, to work in order that victims will be well treated and not be re-trafficked at their arrival. It is also to make sure that their confidentiality will be respected and that they will not be persecuted.
AAT Reg. Thai participates to develop repatriation mechanisms between origin and destination countries and support embassies and relevant agencies for repatriation. AAT Reg. Thai follows up with them just after their return. More / Results